One huge question that comes up for anyone thinking about thru hiking is managing cleaning clothing on the trail, the focus frequently being that they stink and that they want to smell better and cut some of the stank out, so do you wash clothes on the AT?
Most thru hikers will not do laundry on the trail with their primary clothing, most will limit this to washing out socks and underwear while wearing the other pair. Then they leave the washed clothes pinned to their backpack to dry in the sun which also helps kill stinky bacteria.
This plan to avoid washing won't work for everyone and just like deodorant, some will want to do this just to maintain some sense of normalcy while they start on the trail. For these people I wanted to cover ways you can manage cleaning clothing while out on the Appalachian Trail.
Many thru hikers will choose to do laundry on the trail to help keep the stink down, others will choose this to maintain a personal level of cleanliness for themselves.
Maintaining cleanliness on the trail can help lessen overall issues with health and injury, cleaning your clothes removes gunk. The most common causes for feet killers, like blisters, is buildup of mineral deposits in the socks.
Overall, most hikers don't want to be smelly and they don't like getting dirty looks from trail towns residents when resupplying or by other day hikers who are passing them on the trail.
There is also an element that some may just not have enough time before starting their hike or if they are hiking an alternate route or just flat out haven't had the time to do laundry, so this article will cover doing your laundry while on your thru hike.
There aren't any washing machines on the trail which leaves you with a three choices when it comes to doing your laundry while on the trail.
Almost all thru hikers will follow hand washing at most as adding additional gear weight like a laundry bag with only a single purpose is very wasteful. It is just simpler to take your single item and wash it individually instead of carrying a sack for the single need.
When on the trail you are trying to focus on cleaning the most needful items that you are going to wear, as mentioned then people will often wash their socks and underwear. Doing this is going to keep your feet clean which means less of an issue with blisters.
Washing dirty clothing on the trail is done infrequently since it's just a hassle that most don't need when there isn't a pressing need for it. You are also going to want to make sure you have water on hand when doing your laundry so some people will try and set up a resupply to do this.
Once you choose to do laundry while you are hiking you will need to know how to do it efficiently and effectively, so the question comes on how do you do trail laundry?
The simplest way to do trail laundry is to use the same methodologies that you would when at home but to switch to a large plastic bag instead of a washing machine.
When you wash clothes on the trail you are then going to have to dry them when you are done. You can use a number of ways to do this with the two most common methods being utilizing the back of your pack or similar area to hang dry or using your body heat and sunshine while hiking.
The most common way to dry is to start washing in the morning and then hanging the clothing on the back of your pack, this way it can be exposed to airflow and sunshine for the rest of the days hike.
While this can help get sunshine on your gear it is really helpful at managing consistent airflow to take a damp item and to give you a more dry item over time while moving.
If you are on a longer, extended break, you can take the clothes and find the most sun exposed rock to lay the clothing on to heat and expose to as much direct sunlight and UV as possible.
This will help dry the clothing but as a secondary benefit the long time in the direct UV sunlight will help to kill off the bacteria and drop the overall stench that can mount over time.
For most this will be when they get too smelly to be self-comfortable on the trail, or in most cases once you reach town. I can say that for most hikers you stop being able to smell yourself at all over time on the trail.
Typically when on the trail, only when far out from a town will you use time to wash clothing but taking some time to wash and keep clean socks and under garments can help you stay comfortable and cut down on blisters and rashes.
When you reach town most hostels will offer laundry opportunities and if they don't many will have washer/dryer units available at a cost. Hotels are also an option as well as laundromats, and while this is the easiest method you may have to pay for your service which adds up quickly.
If you are looking to wash clothing while out on the trail we have some tips that will help you achieve a better clean on your clothing along with keeping yourself in the clear with other hikers and LNT principles.
When you are out on the trail and planning to wash any clothing you need to make sure you get your distance right from all the important places: the trail itself, the waster source, the food area, and the campsite.
This will ensure your washing doesn't pollute any other areas where hikers along with animals will be.
When washing clothes you want to avoid any chemicals that leave behind a residue or have nitrates in them. The reason for this is the high use of water where hikers go, and the effects these can have on local wildlife and waterways.
Nitrate-based soaps can leave behind residue in the water where it comes into contact with fish and plant life - thus you want to stay on the conservative side, and avoid any chemicals that leave behind nitrates.
Try to use the same location as everyone else which is away from camp. This will help you not only to get your LNT space correct but also ensure that everyone is aware of where they can and cannot wash clothing, use their site for washing dishes, and other various action.
Keeping it in a common area will make sure you are doing your part to keep the trail clean while adding some structure to the area to help keep everything clean and sanitary.
When in the woods you want to add as little scent as possible to help limit the impact on other hikers and reduce the chance of your scent drawing in unwanted animals.
Use a biodegradable soap that is also scentless, this can help you limit any smells and will make sure you are staying within LNT principles by reducing your potential for leaving behind chemical residue.
Use the sun to your benefit, the sun helps kill bacteria killing odor and helps to dry your clothing faster than simply laying out. If possible lay the clothes in direct sunlight as well as expose them on top of a warm rock or large piece of granite that will help to speed up drying and kill bacteria.