Puffy Jackets on the AT: Down Vs Synthetic For Warmth
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When it comes to staying warm on the Appalachian Trail, there are two options: down or synthetic. Synthetic jackets tend to be more affordable, but they don’t offer the same compression in a backpack as a down jacket would. The question is whether a down or synthetic jacket is better for a thru hike on the Appalachian Trail.
There are 2 options for puffer jackets that a thru hiker can purchase, down and synthetic fiber. Down has more compressability and lighter in overall weight for similar warmth. Where a synthetic insulated jacket handles moisture and maintains warmth regardless of moisture levels.
The choice is easy when you are looking for an ultralight jacket as this will always be down, but your environment matters. If your hike is in a wet environment that should be a large part of the deciding factor when you choose between down or synthetic.
Down vs. Synthetic Jackets for Backpacking
This battle is nearly as old as time, the largest part is firmly entrenched in down as being the best choice for backpacking typically due to being the lightest jacket.
There are good reasons for this, and there is a place specifically where synthetic wins out everytime, which is wet conditions.
Why Choose a Down Puffy Jacket for Thru Hiking?
Down has long been one of the best options for warmth and for lower weight, but it does come with some significant downsides due to being natural.
Down is very compressible and packs down to a small size which makes it easy for thru hikers to fit into their backpack.
Down jackets are also typically lighter than synthetic jackets of the same warmth rating, making them more comfortable on the trail as well as easier to carry when not worn.
Down jackets are also typically more expensive than synthetic options, but they can last a very long time when taken care of properly and this makes the cost per wear cheaper in the end.
The biggest reason why people choose down is due to it being warmer for its weight over synthetics which make them great choices for cold conditions or low exertion activities.
Down can have issues though with loft failing over time as they pick up bodily oils from being worn which reduces their insulation.
This is why it’s important to wash your down jacket regularly with a special cleaner or cold water and if you want the best performance, drying them in a dryer on no or low heat can help restore some of that lost loft.
Why Choose a Synthetic Puffy Jacket for Thru Hiking?
The biggest reason to choose a synthetic puffer jacket is because it can handle moisture really well and still retain its warmth.
This makes them much better choices in wet conditions as the down jackets risk being both cold from being wet as well as not drying out properly which can lead to mold and mildew.
A synthetic jacket is also typically less expensive which can make them a better choice for those on a budget or looking for their first puffer jacket as you won’t have to worry quite as much about taking care of it down the road.
Synthetic jackets are not compressible at all, meaning that it will take up a good amount of space in your backpack and fill it up more easily than down.
These jackets are typically heavier as well, but they pack into their own pocket which makes them easier to clip onto the outside of a pack rather than having additional straps like with down options.
Which is Better: Down or Synthetic Jackets?
For me, as long as you take good care of down gear it will last far longer, decades really, longer than a synthetic. Synthetics break down over time as they are compressed and the insulation breaks down.
Since a thru hike is going to be less than six months on average, the down jacket makes far more sense overall. There are a few reasons why someone may decide to instead focus on synthetic insulation.
Lets go over some of the reasons why you focus on synthetic insulation:
Ideological Ideals – Are You Vegan?
If you are against animal use, like a vegan for example, your only choice will be to use a synthetic jacket. This is because down uses the feathers of geese and ducks which are often live plucked in order to get them to fill a jacket properly.
There isn’t much cruelty involved in the way that companies obtain their materials, but it does give some people pause when they think about what use animals for our own purposes including warmth.
The AT: Where Rain Is Your Consistent Companion
Another reason why you need to look more deeply at synthetic based puffy jackets is because you will be in wet conditions. Since your journey takes you through some of the wettest areas where it rains almost daily, then down insulation just isn’t going to hold up against that moisture and retain warmth like a synthetic jacket would.
Is Weight and Packability important to you?
Syntheics big downfall in a head to head battle is definitely down to its high overall weight and lack of compression. These two factors are massively important for thru hikers as you want to be able to carry the least weight in gear possible.
In addition you need this gear to also not take up too much space in your backpack, as it can be viewed as mission critical that you conserve every inch of space.
What Will Your Activity Level Be?
The last benefit to a synthetic will be that due to the insulation being artificial it can get wet from sweat and exertion while not losing heat allowing you to dry it later.
This means that you will be able to hike in the rain while wearing it under a rain jacket or other rain gear and not have to worry about your insulation getting wet on a wet-out.
Sometimes that little bit of extra warmth is all you need to not feel that urge to quit and to get yourself through another day on the trail.
Available Money For Gear
The last big time deal for many hikers will be the cost of their gear. A synthetic jacket is typically far less expensive than a high quality down insulation option like 800-fill goose or duck down that you can get on the market today.
This means that many hikers will try to save money and buy this cheaper syntheic puffer jackets instead of spending more upfront for an ultralight down jacket which can be $400 or more.
The counter to this is that the down jackets are typically lighter, compressible and offer better warmth to weight ratios on average than synthetics but this is changing as new materials emerge that change the game.
Down jackets are typically better in the long-run than synthetic because they last decades and their warmth to weight ratio. However, if you’re vegan or hiking through consistently damp and wet areas where it rains almost daily, a synthetic jacket is your best bet.
Synthetic also has benefits over down for weight and packability so consider that as well when making your decision.
The bottom line is to do what’s right for YOU!